An acronym for the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools needed to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. Made up of 10 Titles, the Act (Public Law 107-56) became law on October 26, 2001, only 45 days after the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks. This historic law brought about momentous changes, including more than 50 amendments to the Bank Secrecy Act. Titles II and IV extend the powers of U.S. law enforcement agencies, as well as extend the sharing of information between various law enforcement, prosecutorial, and intelligence agencies. Section 221 sought to tighten trade sanctions and export controls aimed at terrorists and nations and organizations that pose threats to the U.S. Section 221 is found in Title II which is named “Enhanced Surveillance Procedures.” Title III, on the other hand, is named the “International Money Laundering Abatement and Anti-Terrorist Financing Act of 2001” and is where the anti-money laundering and terrorist financing provisions of the omnibus law are found. The AML and terrorist financing provisions in Title III are the “300 series” of the act, such as Sections 326, 319, 318, 311. Nearly all of these sections were codified in the Bank Secrecy Act at Title 31, U.S. Code Section 5311-5340. This placement of Section 221 in the USA Patriot Act gives economic and trade sanctions a relationship to the act’s AML and counter-terrorism provisions and underscores the important role of sanctions as tools of U.S. foreign policy, diplomacy and international relations.

« Back to Glossary Index