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International

Articles

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: The Unintended Consequences of Sanctions from a Population Perspective

August 09, 2019 By: Glenda Juliano*, CAMS

The U.S. currently maintains economic sanctions against many countries. Frequently criticized and often viewed as a paradox of U.S. foreign policy, economic sanctions are nevertheless quickly becoming the tool of choice for many countries.  Sanctions are so popular in fact that many states and municipalities within the U.S. have also begun to implement their own sanctions regimes. In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held in Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council that a Massachusetts law restricting state transactions with firms doing business in Burma was preempted by federal statute.

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Lessons from the Euroturbine Case: Global Trends and Enhanced Due Diligence Essential to Safeguard Your Business

February 21, 2019 By: Jan Verloop*

On February 18, 2019, Euroturbine B.V. (Euroturbine), a Dutch supplier of specialist parts for gas and steam turbines, was fined for the illicit export of so-called ‘dual-use’ items with full knowledge that the items would eventually reach Iran.‘Dual-use’ items are those goods, products or technologies, normally used for civilian purposes but which may have military or Weapons of Mass Destruction related applications. As turbine engines and parts are made of high alloy materials, and can be used to power a number of military vehicles, they are considered ‘dual-use’ for export purposes, and cannot be exported without permission from the Dutch government.

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The Zoltek Experience: Six Lessons for U.S. Companies with Foreign Subsidiaries

February 4, 2019 By: Scott Nance and George Voloshin

On December 20, 2018, the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) published a penalty notice and settlement agreement with Zoltek Companies, Inc., a U.S. producer of carbon fiber. OFAC found that Zoltek had violated U.S. sanctions laws due to its Hungarian subsidiary, Zoltek ZRT, having purchased inputs from a Specially Designated National (SDN) in Belarus. Zoltek agreed to pay a substantial fine of $7,772,102 and to implement various measures to ensure it would not commit future violations.

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World Bank Group: The Forgotten Sanctions Players in the International Arena

January 9, 2019 By: Alex Haines, Outer Temple Chambers*

Most compliance officers are familiar with sanctions imposed by the UN, EU, US, Canada, and other countries. These international organizations and states impose targeted financial sanctions– such as asset freezes, arms embargoes and travel bans – in order to achieve a desired outcome. A lesser known form of sanctions is one that belongs to Multilateral Development Banks (MDB) like the World Bank Group.

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Wake Up To Sanctions

SanctionsAlert.com Sanctions Round Up
March 27, 2018

North Korea Generates $200 Million in Illicit Revenue and Continues to ‘Flout’ International Law - UN Report Claims

On March 5th, the United Nations (U.N.) Panel of Experts released its Report on North Korea sanctions pursuant to U.N. Security Council Resolution 2345 (2017) (the Report). The 298-page document details numerous examples of efforts by North Korea to evade U.N. sanctions and claims that the country has earned $200 million in 2017 concealing the origin of illicit exports. (more…)

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